Have you been experiencing severe pain on your back and side, right below your ribs? Do you suffer from pain every time you urinate? Is your urine pink, brown or red in color? Then, you might already be suffering from kidney stones. But what are kidney stones? How do you get them? How do you pass a kidney stone?
Kidney Stones – A Quick Overview
Renal lithiasis or commonly known as kidney stones are the tiny but hard deposit forming within your kidneys. Made of acid and mineral salts, kidney stones usually have a lot of causes and can also have an impact on other parts of your urinary tract, starting from your kidneys up to your bladder. In most cases, these stones form once the urine of a person becomes highly concentrated that then allows the crystallization and sticking together of the minerals inside your kidney.
How to pass a kidney stone can become a bit painful, although these stones do not usually cause any permanent damage. Depending on your particular situation, the only thing that you might need is to take a certain medication as well as drink plenty of water for passing the kidney stone. If worse comes to worst, you can also undergo a kidney stone removal surgery. Your doctor can recommend some preventive treatments for lessening your chances of experiencing kidney stones if you are at risk of developing them all over again in the future.
Oftentimes, kidney stones do not have a single definite cause although there are some factors which can increase your chances of getting one.
These stones usually form once your urine has high content of substances that form crystal, including uric acid, calcium, and oxalate as compared to the fluids which can be diluted by your urine. Simultaneously, your urine might also lack the substances which can keep the crystals from forming and sticking together that can create the perfect environment for the formation of kidney stone.
Kidney Stones and Their Different Types
By being aware of the different types of kidney stones, you will be able to determine their cause while giving you clues on how you can kidney stones protect so as to lessen the chance of getting them again. These types include the following:
· Cystin stones – Stones like these usually form in people who have hereditary disorder which can make the kidneys excrete an excessive amount of particular amino acids.
· Calcium Stones – Majority of kidney stones happen to be calcium stones that are in calcium oxalate form. Oxalate is a kind of substance that naturally occurs in food. Certain vegetables and fruits and chocolate and nuts have high levels of oxalate. Also, this can be produced by your liver. Dietary factors, high vitamin D doses, intestinal bypass surgery as well as a few metabolic disorders also increase the calcium oxalate’s concentration in urine. These stones typically occur in calcium phosphate form.
· Uric acid stones – These stones form in people who fail to drink sufficient amount of fluids or who are losing a lot of fluid, those who suffer from gout and those who follow a diet high in protein content. Some generic factors also increase your chances of developing the uric acid stones.
· Struvite stones – These form as the body’s response to a certain infection, like the infection in urinary tract. Such stones grow rapidly and can become very large, at time with little warning or several symptoms.
Aside from these, there are also other kidney stone types that can occur.
Passing Kidney Stones – Ways for Effective Kidney Stone Removal
People who have a kidney stone can experience debilitating pain during kidney stones removal. While the process of kidney stone passing through urine might seem like a simple one, this can still inflict severe pain, especially once the stone begins travelling through the ureters’ narrow passages.
Each kidney stone cannot necessarily pass through your urine. Following the analysis of the kidney stones by way of imaging tests, once the stones are discovered as small and it is possible to pass them through urine, your doctor can recommend you to try the following:
· For successfully passing kidney stones, it is suggested to lessen your kidneys’ load, which means that you have to consume more amounts of water. This will then result to the dissolving of the stones in the excessive water amount, getting them eliminated by way of urine. You need to consume 6 to 8 glasses of water regularly. For you to know if the amount of your water consumption is adequate or not, you can observe your urine’s color. Urine of pale yellowish hue indicates sufficient amount of water consumed.
· To increase the flow of urine, taking diuretics is being recommended. You can drink 1 or 2 glasses of beer to force out the kidney stones.
· Most sufferers of kidney stone lessen the extent of their daily activities because of the pain they feel. However, this practice is not advisable. If you like a successful kidney stone remove, moving as much as possible is recommended. But make sure that you do not excessive strain to your body. Regular exercise can make the stones within your kidneys move, thus eliminating them through your urine.
· You have to lessen your consumption of those foods which can lower or restrict your urine’s flow. A good example of this is the beverages rich in caffeine, like coffee. Such drinks can make your body dehydrated, thus reducing the flow or production of urine. Aside from preventing the existing stones’ flow, these can also encourage the development of brand new stones due to the concentrated urine’s formulation.
· Kidney stones that have larger sizes can be passed easily through breaking these into several pieces. You can achieve this through eating acidic foods like lemons. Just add several lemon drops in water then drink this. It will help in breaking down the stones, hastening the process of kidney stone remove with lesser pain.
The process of kidney stones removal and passing a kidney stone is easy. However, if you do not want to go through all these, the best thing that you can do is try all the possible ways to kidney stone protect so that you can avoid this particular health condition.